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27 March 2009 Feature detector and descriptor for medical images
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Proceedings Volume 7259, Medical Imaging 2009: Image Processing; 72592Z (2009) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.811210
Event: SPIE Medical Imaging, 2009, Lake Buena Vista (Orlando Area), Florida, United States
Abstract
The ability to detect and match features across multiple views of a scene is a crucial first step in many computer vision algorithms for dynamic scene analysis. State-of-the-art methods such as SIFT and SURF perform successfully when applied to typical images taken by a digital camera or camcorder. However, these methods often fail to generate an acceptable number of features when applied to medical images, because such images usually contain large homogeneous regions with little color and intensity variation. As a result, tasks like image registration and 3D structure recovery become difficult or impossible in the medical domain. This paper presents a scale, rotation and color/illumination invariant feature detector and descriptor for medical applications. The method incorporates elements of SIFT and SURF while optimizing their performance on medical data. Based on experiments with various types of medical images, we combined, adjusted, and built on methods and parameter settings employed in both algorithms. An approximate Hessian based detector is used to locate scale invariant keypoints and a dominant orientation is assigned to each keypoint using a gradient orientation histogram, providing rotation invariance. Finally, keypoints are described with an orientation-normalized distribution of gradient responses at the assigned scale, and the feature vector is normalized for contrast invariance. Experiments show that the algorithm detects and matches far more features than SIFT and SURF on medical images, with similar error levels.
© (2009) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Dusty Sargent, Chao-I Chen, Chang-Ming Tsai, Yuan-Fang Wang, and Daniel Koppel "Feature detector and descriptor for medical images", Proc. SPIE 7259, Medical Imaging 2009: Image Processing, 72592Z (27 March 2009); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.811210
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