4 March 2009 Influence of nuclei segmentation on breast cancer malignancy classification
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Proceedings Volume 7260, Medical Imaging 2009: Computer-Aided Diagnosis; 726014 (2009) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.811733
Event: SPIE Medical Imaging, 2009, Lake Buena Vista (Orlando Area), Florida, United States
Abstract
Breast Cancer is one of the most deadly cancers affecting middle-aged women. Accurate diagnosis and prognosis are crucial to reduce the high death rate. Nowadays there are numerous diagnostic tools for breast cancer diagnosis. In this paper we discuss a role of nuclear segmentation from fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNA) slides and its influence on malignancy classification. Classification of malignancy plays a very important role during the diagnosis process of breast cancer. Out of all cancer diagnostic tools, FNA slides provide the most valuable information about the cancer malignancy grade which helps to choose an appropriate treatment. This process involves assessing numerous nuclear features and therefore precise segmentation of nuclei is very important. In this work we compare three powerful segmentation approaches and test their impact on the classification of breast cancer malignancy. The studied approaches involve level set segmentation, fuzzy c-means segmentation and textural segmentation based on co-occurrence matrix. Segmented nuclei were used to extract nuclear features for malignancy classification. For classification purposes four different classifiers were trained and tested with previously extracted features. The compared classifiers are Multilayer Perceptron (MLP), Self-Organizing Maps (SOM), Principal Component-based Neural Network (PCA) and Support Vector Machines (SVM). The presented results show that level set segmentation yields the best results over the three compared approaches and leads to a good feature extraction with a lowest average error rate of 6.51% over four different classifiers. The best performance was recorded for multilayer perceptron with an error rate of 3.07% using fuzzy c-means segmentation.
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Lukasz Jelen, Lukasz Jelen, Thomas Fevens, Thomas Fevens, Adam Krzyzak, Adam Krzyzak, } "Influence of nuclei segmentation on breast cancer malignancy classification", Proc. SPIE 7260, Medical Imaging 2009: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 726014 (4 March 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.811733; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.811733
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