13 March 2009 Fusion of intraoperative cortical images with preoperative models for neurosurgical planning and guidance
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During surgery for epilepsy it is important for the surgeon to correlate the preoperative cortical morphology (from preoperative images) with the intraoperative environment. We extend our visualization method presented earlier, to achieves this goal by fusing a direct (photographic) view of the surgical field with the 3D patient model. To correlate the preoperative plan with the intraoperative surgical scene, an intensity-based perspective 3D-2D registration was employed for camera pose estimation. The 2D photographic image was then texture-mapped onto the 3D preoperative model using the solved camera pose. In the proposed method, we employ direct volume rendering to obtain a perspective view of the brain image using GPU-accelerated ray-casting. This is advantageous compared to the point-based or other feature-based registration since no intermediate processing is required. To validate our registration algorithm, we used a point-based 3D-2D registration, that was validated using ground truth from simulated data, and then the intensity-based 3D-2D registration method was validated using the point-based registration result as the gold standard. The registration error of the intensity-based 3D- 2D method was around 3mm when the initial pose is close to the gold standard. Application of the proposed method for correlating fMRI maps with intraoperative cortical stimulation is shown for surgical planning in an epilepsy patient.
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An Wang, Seyed M. Mirsattari, Andrew G. Parrent, and Terry M. Peters "Fusion of intraoperative cortical images with preoperative models for neurosurgical planning and guidance", Proc. SPIE 7261, Medical Imaging 2009: Visualization, Image-Guided Procedures, and Modeling, 72612O (13 March 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.812124; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.812124

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