27 February 2009 Automatic selection of arterial input function using tri-exponential models
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Dynamic Contrast Enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) is one method for drug and tumor assessment. Selecting a consistent arterial input function (AIF) is necessary to calculate tissue and tumor pharmacokinetic parameters in DCE-MRI. This paper presents an automatic and robust method to select the AIF. The first stage is artery detection and segmentation, where knowledge about artery structure and dynamic signal intensity temporal properties of DCE-MRI is employed. The second stage is AIF model fitting and selection. A tri-exponential model is fitted for every candidate AIF using the Levenberg-Marquardt method, and the best fitted AIF is selected. Our method has been applied in DCE-MRIs of four different body parts: breast, brain, liver and prostate. The success rates in artery segmentation for 19 cases are 89.6%±15.9%. The pharmacokinetic parameters computed from the automatically selected AIFs are highly correlated with those from manually determined AIFs (R2=0.946, P(T<=t)=0.09). Our imaging-based tri-exponential AIF model demonstrated significant improvement over a previously proposed bi-exponential model.
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Jianhua Yao, Jianhua Yao, Jeremy Chen, Jeremy Chen, Marcelo Castro, Marcelo Castro, David Thomasson, David Thomasson, } "Automatic selection of arterial input function using tri-exponential models", Proc. SPIE 7262, Medical Imaging 2009: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging, 72621R (27 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.811661; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.811661

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