13 March 2009 Harmonic Golay coded excitation using mutually orthogonal Golay codes and pulse inversion
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Abstract
Coded excitation can improve the performance factors, such as SNR and CTR, of harmonic imaging with a low voltage transmit waveform. For these purposes, harmonic imaging methods using Golay codes with advantages in range sidelobe levels and implementation simplicity have been proposed. However, they require four transmit-receive (T/R) events to form each scan line. This work describes a new harmonic Golay coded excitation technique to overcome this problem. The proposed method can produce two scan lines through four T/R events using four pairs of codes. On the first T/R cycle, the first pair of codes is fired sequentially, one at a time, along each of the two scan lines, where the two codes are designed such that their second harmonic components are mutually orthogonal Golay codes. The same transmit sequence is carried out with the second pair of codes, each of which being 180 degrees out of phase with the corresponding one of the first pair of codes to remove the fundamental components by simply adding the two resulting received signals. The third and fourth T/R cycles are followed in the same manner, but with the codes whose harmonic components are composed of the complementary set of the mutually orthogonal Golay codes used in the first T/R cycle and their sign inverted codes, respectively. Consequently, the mutually orthogonal Golay codes and their complementary set of codes representing only the harmonic components are obtained after four T/R events. Finally, using the orthogonal and complementary properties, the coded harmonic signals along each scan line can easily be separated and compressed. Computer simulation results show that the proposed method can successfully perform pulse-inversion harmonic imaging to produce two scan lines simultaneously after four T/R events with coded sequences.
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Sang-Min Kim, Jae-Hee Song, Tai-Kyong Song, "Harmonic Golay coded excitation using mutually orthogonal Golay codes and pulse inversion", Proc. SPIE 7265, Medical Imaging 2009: Ultrasonic Imaging and Signal Processing, 72651F (13 March 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.811550; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.811550
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