17 March 2009 Flare evaluation of ASML alpha demo tool
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Abstract
EUV lithography is one of the most promising methods for next-generation lithography below 22 nm half pitch. However, critical issues such as availability of a clean powerful source, resist resolution and sensitivity, and defect-free masks have yet to be overcome. Flare is one of the key issues for EUV lithography critical dimension (CD) control.1 The cause of flare is scattered light due to the surface roughness of the mirrors in the projection optics. Mirror surface control techniques have reached the angstrom level and are approaching physical limits. Therefore, it is important to understand and evaluate "actual" flare and begin developing a mitigation strategy. In this paper, we report on two evaluations of short-range flare using the ASML Alpha Demo Tool (ADT) in Albany, NY.2 First, a series of donut shaped patterns of varying size are evaluated in order to determine the impact of flare on the imaging of a central post surrounded by a clear annulus. A spillover parameter is used to estimate the ADT flare point spread function. The results, which show roughly a slope of -1 on a log-log plot, are in agreement with those expected from the power spectral density (PSD) due to mirror surface roughness. Second, an investigation into out-of-band (OoB) radiation was performed, which leverages OoB reflection from the ADT's reticle masking (REMA) blades. We estimate that the amount of OoB radiation is on the order of 3 to 4 percent of the EUV light.
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Hiroyuki Mizuno, Gregory McIntyre, Chiew-seng Koay, Martin Burkhardt, Bruno La Fontaine, Obert Wood, "Flare evaluation of ASML alpha demo tool", Proc. SPIE 7271, Alternative Lithographic Technologies, 72710U (17 March 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.814312; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.814312
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