18 March 2009 Fabrication of half-pitch 32-45-nm SRAM patterns with EUVL
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Abstract
Since the k1 factor is much larger in extreme-ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) than in optical lithography, optical proximity correction (OPC) should be much simpler for patterns on EUVL masks than for those on advanced photomasks. This will facilitate the fabrication of complex device patterns with EUVL. In this study, static random-access memory (SRAM) cell patterns for the half-pitch (hp) 32- and 45-nm nodes were fabricated using two EUV exposure tools (SFET, EUV1), and their fidelity was evaluated. The levels of SRAM patterns were isolation, gate, contact, and metal. The size of the SRAM unit cell was 0.191 μm2 for the hp 45-nm and 0.097 μm2 for the hp 32-nm patterns. Most of the experiments employed SSR2, a high-resolution EUV resist. The high performance of the SFET and SSR2 enabled hp 45-nm SRAM patterns to be fabricated faithfully. However, some of the hp 32-nm patterns deviated from the mask patterns. To determine the causes of this degradation, we made a simulation analysis using the Sentaurus Lithography simulator. The main cause of the degradation was found to be resist blur. When we used MET-2D resist, which has a relatively large resist blur, the degradation became quite severe. Although the resist blur for SSR2 is about 10 nm, it is not small enough for the hp 32-nm SRAM patterns, especially for the gate and metal levels. It is necessary to reduce resist blur to improve the fidelity for this pattern size. Simulation results indicated that resist blur should be reduced to about 5 nm for hp 22-nm node device patterns.
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Yuusuke Tanaka, Yuusuke Tanaka, Hajime Aoyama, Hajime Aoyama, Shunko Magoshi, Shunko Magoshi, Kazuo Tawarayama, Kazuo Tawarayama, Seiichiro Shirai, Seiichiro Shirai, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Hiroyuki Tanaka, "Fabrication of half-pitch 32-45-nm SRAM patterns with EUVL", Proc. SPIE 7271, Alternative Lithographic Technologies, 72713S (18 March 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.813492; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.813492
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