1 April 2009 Temperature and critical dimension variation in a single wafer on hot plate due to non-uniform heat source
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Abstract
Post exposure bake (PEB) is the most important process for chemically amplified resist to make nano-scale device. According to 2007 ITRS roadmap, critical dimension (CD) should be controlled below 1.9 nm on sub-22 nm half pitch in whole process of semiconductor. But CD error can be happened during the whole processes of exposure, PEB, develop, and etching. For this study, we assumed PEB process is just one of four processes, so that we take arithmetic mean error of four process, namely, ~ 0.5 nm (1.9 nm / 4) CD error should be controlled during PEB, even though PEB is the critical processes for CD control. 1 degree PEB temperature difference would make 3 nm CD change, so that we should control the temperature variation below 0.2 degree to control CD variation within 0.5 nm for 22 nm node. However, temperatures on the whole hot plate is not perfectly uniform. The temperature at the heat source is higher than that at the position with no heat source. Such a temperature difference inside hot plate would be directly transferred to the wafer and eventually inside the photoresist. Thus the temperature distribution inside the whole photoresist would be non-uniform, and this would make non-uniform CD distribution eventually. We calculated the temperature distribution within the hot plate in accordance with the position and structure of heat source. We also calculated the temperature distribution inside photoresist by considering the heat conduction. In addition to that, we estimated the possible CD variation caused by the non-uniform temperature distribution within photoresist on wafer.
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Bobae Kim, Bobae Kim, Joon-Min Park, Joon-Min Park, Hyunsu Kim, Hyunsu Kim, Ilsin An, Ilsin An, Seung-Wook Park, Seung-Wook Park, Hye-Keun Oh, Hye-Keun Oh, } "Temperature and critical dimension variation in a single wafer on hot plate due to non-uniform heat source", Proc. SPIE 7273, Advances in Resist Materials and Processing Technology XXVI, 72732Z (1 April 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.814009; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.814009
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