20 May 2009 Three-beam coherent combination experiments based on segmented mirrors and measure of phase characteristics of beams passing through Yb-doped fiber amplifier
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Coherent combination is one of the most promising ways to realize high power laser output. A three- laser-beam coherent combination system based on adaptive optics (AO) technique has been set up in our laboratory. In this system, three 1064nm laser beams are placed side-by-side and compressed by two reflective mirrors. An active segmented deformable mirror (DM) is used to compensate the optical path difference (OPD) among three laser beams. The beams are overlapped onto a 2900Hz CCD camera to form an interference pattern while the peak intensity of the interference pattern is taken as the cost function to optimize by a stochastic parallel gradient descent (SPGD) algorithm. SPGD algorithm is realized on a RT-Linux dual-core industrial computer. A series of experiments have been accomplished and experimental results show that both static distorted aberrations in the beams and active distorted aberrations (which are brought in by a hot iron and the frequency is about 5Hz) can be compensated successfully when the gain coefficients and the perturbation amplitude of SPGD are chosed appropriately, thereby three beams can be well combined. For controlling the phase of fiber lasers, the phase characteristics of beams passing through Yb-doped dual-clad fiber amplifier are measured by means of investigating the interference pattern under different output power through experiments. The frequency of phase fluctuation is evaluated through analyzing the fluctuation of power within a 90um aperture of far-field focal spot. Experimental results show that the phase fluctuation frequencies of laser beam transmitted through fiber amplifier are mainly in the range of 100~1500Hz. As a result, to control the phase fluctuation of beams passing through fiber amplifier, the bandwidth of any potential phase control scheme must be greater than 1.5 kilohertz.
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Ping Yang, Ruo fu Yang, Feng Shen, Mingwu Ao, Wenhan Jiang, "Three-beam coherent combination experiments based on segmented mirrors and measure of phase characteristics of beams passing through Yb-doped fiber amplifier", Proc. SPIE 7283, 4th International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Optical Test and Measurement Technology and Equipment, 72830O (20 May 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.828610; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.828610


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