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31 March 2009 Characterization of ferrogels prepared using γ-Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 nanoparticles
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In this study, we compare the characteristics of ferrogels prepared using γ-Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The magnetic nanoparticles with ~ 20 nm diameter were distributed in N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) gel prepared using N,N'-methylenebisacrylamide (BIS), ammonium persulfate (APS) and N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine (TEMED). Particle distribution and agglomeration characteristics of the prepared ferrogels were investigated using ultra small angle x-ray scattering (USAXS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The ferrogel samples prepared using Fe3O4 and γ-Fe2O3 particles have similar particle distribution. The ferrogels, prepared with γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles, however, demonstrate significantly different agglomeration characteristics compared to the ferrogels prepared using Fe3O4. In both systems, the agglomerated particles appear to be spherical, with few of those indicating chain like structures. Based on the particle concentration and sizes, the DC SQUID magnetometry data of these samples showed the magnetic moments range between 0.9 to 2.5 emu/g. Details of our results and analysis are presented.
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Kamlesh J. Suthar, Muralidhar K. Ghantasala, Derrick C. Mancini, and Jan Ilavsky "Characterization of ferrogels prepared using γ-Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 nanoparticles", Proc. SPIE 7289, Behavior and Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials and Composites 2009, 72891D (31 March 2009);

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