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8 April 2009 Overview of a cyber-enabled wireless monitoring system for the protection and management of critical infrastructure systems
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Abstract
The long-term deterioration of large-scale infrastructure systems is a critical national problem that if left unchecked, could lead to catastrophes similar in magnitude to the collapse of the I-35W Bridge. Fortunately, the past decade has witnessed the emergence of a variety of sensing technologies from many engineering disciplines including from the civil, mechanical and electrical engineering fields. This paper provides a detailed overview of an emerging set of sensor technologies that can be effectively used for health management of large-scale infrastructure systems. In particular, the novel sensing technologies are integrated to offer a comprehensive monitoring system that fundamentally addresses the limitations associated with current monitoring systems (for example, indirect damage sensing, cost, data inundation and lack of decision making tools). Self-sensing materials are proposed for distributed, direct sensing of specific damage events common to civil structures such as cracking and corrosion. Data from self-sensing materials, as well as from more traditional sensors, are collected using ultra low-power wireless sensors powered by a variety of power harvesting devices fabricated using microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). Data collected by the wireless sensors is then seamlessly streamed across the internet and integrated with a database upon which finite element models can be autonomously updated. Life-cycle and damage detection analyses using sensor and processed data are streamed into a decision toolbox which will aid infrastructure owners in their decision making.
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Jerome P. Lynch, Vineet Kamat, Victor C. Li, Michael Flynn, Dennis Sylvester, Khalil Najafi, Timothy Gordon, Michael Lepech, Abbas Emami-Naeini, Alex Krimotat, Mohammed Ettouney, Sharada Alampalli, and Tayfun Ozdemir "Overview of a cyber-enabled wireless monitoring system for the protection and management of critical infrastructure systems", Proc. SPIE 7294, Nondestructive Characterization for Composite Materials, Aerospace Engineering, Civil Infrastructure, and Homeland Security 2009, 72940L (8 April 2009); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.821874
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