27 April 2009 The effect of metal on the formation of multispectral zinc sulfide
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A series of experiments was performed to ascertain the effects of various metals on the structure and properties of hot isostatic pressed (HIPped) chemical vapor deposited (CVD) ZnS. Samples were HIPped without metal and with Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Pd, Ag, Pt, and Au foils. It was found that metals promote recrystallization of CVD ZnS to a greater or lesser extent. A processing temperature of 750 °C for 16 hours was chosen to assess the effect of the metals, since HIPping without metal under these conditions does not recrystallize ZnS. Fe and Co have little or no effect on recrystallization, Ni and Au have moderate effect, and Pt, Pd, Ag, and Cu have the greatest effect. Ag and Cu, however, seem to have problems with indiffusion of the metal. Recrystallization is correlated with improvement in transmission characteristic of multispectral ZnS. "Interrupted HIP" experiments were conducted at 900 °C for 1 hour and at 750 °C for 2 hours to assess the relative effects of temperature and metal on the recrystallization. At 900 °C recrystallization proceeded in the bulk even without metal, but was accelerated by certain metals. At 750 °C, recrystallization took place only on the surface in contact with certain metals and not in the bulk. The role of contact of the metal to the ZnS surface was further explored by comparing Pt HIP experiments with foil fully in contact, foil with air gap, and sputtered metal Pt. Some possible mechanisms for the role of the metal in promoting recrystallization of ZnS are suggested.
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John McCloy, John McCloy, Ralph Korenstein, Ralph Korenstein, "The effect of metal on the formation of multispectral zinc sulfide", Proc. SPIE 7302, Window and Dome Technologies and Materials XI, 73020N (27 April 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.819461; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.819461


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