27 April 2009 Embedded fiber optic Bragg grating (FBG) detonation velocity sensor
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Abstract
In order to fully calibrate hydrocodes and dynamic chemistry burn models, initiation models and detonation models of high explosives, the ability to continuously measure the detonation velocity within an explosive is required. Progress on an embedded velocity diagnostic using a 125 micron diameter optical fiber containing a chirped fiber Bragg grating is reported. As the chirped fiber Bragg grating is consumed by the moving detonation wave, the physical length of the unconsumed Bragg grating is monitored with a fast InGaAs photodiode. Experimental details of the associated equipment and data in the form of continuous detonation velocity records within PBX-9502 are presented. This small diameter fiber sensor has the potential to measure internal detonation velocities on the order of 10 mm/μsec along path lengths tens of millimeters long.
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Jerry Benterou, Corey V. Bennett, Garrett Cole, D. E. Hare, Chadd May, Eric Udd, Stephen J. Mihailov, Ping Lu, "Embedded fiber optic Bragg grating (FBG) detonation velocity sensor", Proc. SPIE 7316, Fiber Optic Sensors and Applications VI, 73160E (27 April 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.819208; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.819208
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