5 May 2009 Engineering new aptamer geometries for electrochemical aptamer-based sensors
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Proceedings Volume 7321, Bio-Inspired/Biomimetic Sensor Technologies and Applications; 732105 (2009); doi: 10.1117/12.820419
Event: SPIE Defense, Security, and Sensing, 2009, Orlando, Florida, United States
Abstract
Electrochemical aptamer-based sensors (E-AB sensors) represent a promising new approach to the detection of small molecules. E-AB sensors comprise an aptamer that is attached at one end to an electrode surface. The distal end of the aptamer probed is modified with an electroactive redox marker for signal transduction. Herein we report on the optimization of a cocaine-detecting E-AB sensor via optimization of the geometry of the aptamer. We explore two new aptamer architectures, one in which we concatenate three cocaine aptamers into a poly-aptamer and a second in which we divide the cocaine aptamer into pieces connected via an unstructured, 60-thymine linker. Both of these structures are designed such that the reporting redox tag will be located farther from the electrode in the unfolded, target-free conformation. Consistent with this, we find that signal gains of these two constructs are two to three times higher than that of the original E-AB architecture. Likewise all three architectures are selective enough to deploy directly in complex sample matrices, such as undiluted whole blood, with all three sensors successfully detecting the presence of cocaine. The findings in this ongoing study should be of value in future efforts to optimize the signaling of electrochemical aptamer-based sensors.
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Ryan J. White, Kevin W. Plaxco, "Engineering new aptamer geometries for electrochemical aptamer-based sensors", Proc. SPIE 7321, Bio-Inspired/Biomimetic Sensor Technologies and Applications, 732105 (5 May 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.820419; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.820419
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