With the changing character of warfare, information superiority is a high priority. Given the complexity of current and
future operating environments, analysts, strategists and planners need a multidimensional understanding of the
battlespace. Asymmetric warfare necessitates that our strategists look beyond targets-based operations, where we simply
identify and destroy enemy entities. Effects-based operations models the enemy as a system which reacts to our actions.
This requires the capability to predict the adversary response to a selected action. Actions may be diplomatic,
information, military or economic (DIME). Effects may be political, military, economic, social, information or
infrastructure (PMESII). Timing must be explicitly considered and effects dynamically assessed. Visualizations of
intelligence information are needed which will promote full understanding of all aspects of adversary strengths and
weaknesses by providing the extensive data about adversary forces, organic essentials, infrastructure, leadership,
population, and science and technology in an easily accessible and understandable format. This will enhance Effectsbased
operations, and therefore, the capability to predict and counter adversary courses of action. This paper outlines a
systems engineering approach to designing visualizations which convey the multidimensional information to decision
makers. Visualization issues inherent in understanding the multidimensional operational environment will be discussed.