6 May 2009 Awareness-based game-theoretic space resource management
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Abstract
Over recent decades, the space environment becomes more complex with a significant increase in space debris and a greater density of spacecraft, which poses great difficulties to efficient and reliable space operations. In this paper we present a Hierarchical Sensor Management (HSM) method to space operations by (a) accommodating awareness modeling and updating and (b) collaborative search and tracking space objects. The basic approach is described as follows. Firstly, partition the relevant region of interest into district cells. Second, initialize and model the dynamics of each cell with awareness and object covariance according to prior information. Secondly, explicitly assign sensing resources to objects with user specified requirements. Note that when an object has intelligent response to the sensing event, the sensor assigned to observe an intelligent object may switch from time-to-time between a strong, active signal mode and a passive mode to maximize the total amount of information to be obtained over a multi-step time horizon and avoid risks. Thirdly, if all explicitly specified requirements are satisfied and there are still more sensing resources available, we assign the additional sensing resources to objects without explicitly specified requirements via an information based approach. Finally, sensor scheduling is applied to each sensor-object or sensor-cell pair according to the object type. We demonstrate our method with realistic space resources management scenario using NASA's General Mission Analysis Tool (GMAT) for space object search and track with multiple space borne observers.
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Genshe Chen, Genshe Chen, Huimin Chen, Huimin Chen, Khanh Pham, Khanh Pham, Erik Blasch, Erik Blasch, Jose B. Cruz, Jose B. Cruz, } "Awareness-based game-theoretic space resource management", Proc. SPIE 7330, Sensors and Systems for Space Applications III, 73300P (6 May 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.819467; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.819467
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