13 April 2009 An optical space domain volume holographic correlator
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We propose a novel space domain volume holographic correlator system. One of the limitations of conventional correlators is the bandwidth limits imposed by updating the filter and the readout speed of the CCD. The volume holographic correlator overcomes these by storing a large number of filters that can be interrogated simultaneously. By using angle multiplexing, the match can be read out onto a high speed linear array of sensors. A scanning window can be used to implement shift invariance, thus, making the system operate like a space domain correlator. The space domain correlation method offers an advantage over the frequency domain correlator in that the correlation filter no longer has shift invariance imposed on it since the kernel can be modified depending on its position. This maybe used for normalising the kernel or imposing some non-linearity in an attempt to improve performance. However, one of the key advantages of the frequency domain method is lost using this technique, namely the speed of the computation. A large kernel space-domain correlation, performed on a computer, will be very slow compared to what is achievable using a 4f optical correlator. We propose a method of implementing this using the scanning holographic memory based correlator.
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Philip Birch, Philip Birch, Akber Gardezi, Akber Gardezi, Bhargav Mitra, Bhargav Mitra, Rupert Young, Rupert Young, Chris Chatwin, Chris Chatwin, } "An optical space domain volume holographic correlator", Proc. SPIE 7340, Optical Pattern Recognition XX, 734004 (13 April 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.817828; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.817828

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