18 May 2009 Nonlinear 6-fold enhancement of laser drilling efficiency by double pulse mode: prospective in medicine application
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The efficiency of laser ablation drilling of metal and dielectric (ceramic, glasses, etc.) samples with single and multiple laser pulses per one laser shot was experimentally studied. The laser is operated on the fundamental (1064 nm) wavelength of Nd:YAG laser with 30 ns pulse length or its second (532 nm) and third (351 nm) harmonics, respectively. The laser shot repletion rate was 1 Hz. The pulses in train were separated by 25-45 μs interval. The crater depth and drilling speed dependence increasing on pulse number in multipulse train was studied. The laser ablation normalized per pulse energy in train dependence is not linear function. The strong ablation enhancement was observed. The optimal (in sense the total pulse energy using) drilling can be obtained with double pulse mode compared with 3 - 5 pulses. Nonlinear more than 6 fold increasing of crater depth produced by the second pulse in train was detected. The mechanism of selective increasing of the second pulse interaction efficiency with the hard target is discussed. Experimental results explained in terms of double pulse mode laser ablation model. Spectroscopy study of laser plasma was observed to confirm discussed model of high efficiency for two laser pulse laser ablation. Efficiency of double pulse mode compared with multipulse mode is discussed to be more perspective for various applications of laser ablation. The medicine (surgery, dentist, ophthalmology and so on) application is the most prospective, for instance, the teeth drilling or glaucoma perforation, can be done with smaller energy value.
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N. S. Pershina, N. S. Pershina, S. M. Pershin, S. M. Pershin, M. Cech, M. Cech, I. Prochazka, I. Prochazka, } "Nonlinear 6-fold enhancement of laser drilling efficiency by double pulse mode: prospective in medicine application", Proc. SPIE 7361, Damage to VUV, EUV, and X-Ray Optics II, 73610Q (18 May 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.820754; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.820754

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