22 May 2009 Characterization of some biological specimens using TEM and SEM
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Proceedings Volume 7378, Scanning Microscopy 2009; 73781N (2009); doi: 10.1117/12.821825
Event: SPIE Scanning Microscopy, 2009, Monterey, California, United States
Abstract
The advent of novel techniques using the Transmission and Scanning Electron Microscopes improved observation on various biological specimens to characterize them. We studied some biological specimens using Transmission and Scanning Electron Microscopes. We followed negative staining technique with Phosphotungstic acid using bacterial culture of Bacillus subtilis. Negative staining is very convenient technique to view the structural morphology of different samples including bacteria, phage viruses and filaments in a cell. We could observe the bacterial cell wall and flagellum very well when trapped the negative stained biofilm from bacterial culture on a TEM grid. We cut ultra thin sections from the fixed root tips of Pisum sativum (Garden pea). Root tips were pre fixed with osmium tetroxide and post fixed with uranium acetate and placed in the BEEM capsule for block making. The ultrathin sections on the grid under TEM showed the granular chromatin in the nucleus. The protein bodies and large vacuoles with the storage materials were conspicuous. We followed fixation, critical point drying and sputter coating with gold to view the tissues with SEM after placing on stubs. SEM view of the leaf surface of a dangerous weed Tragia hispida showed the surface trichomes. These trichomes when break on touching releases poisonous content causing skin irritation. The cultured tissue from in vitro culture of Albizia lebbeck, a tree revealed the regenerative structures including leaf buds and stomata on the tissue surface. SEM and TEM allow investigating the minute details characteristic morphological features that can be used for classroom teaching.
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Nabarun Ghosh, Don W. Smith, "Characterization of some biological specimens using TEM and SEM", Proc. SPIE 7378, Scanning Microscopy 2009, 73781N (22 May 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.821825; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.821825
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KEYWORDS
Scanning electron microscopy

Transmission electron microscopy

Natural surfaces

Tissues

Coating

Electron microscopes

Gold

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