13 July 2009 Combination of PDT and topical angiogenic inhibitor for treatment of port wine stain (PWS) birthmarks: a novel approach
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Proceedings Volume 7380, Photodynamic Therapy: Back to the Future; 73802V (2009) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.823280
Event: 12th World Congress of the International Photodynamic Association, 2009, Seattle, Washington, United States
Abstract
Port wine stain (PWS) birthmarks are a congenital cutaneous vascular malformation involving ecstatic post-capillary venules. Current standard treatment for PWS is the pulsed dye laser (PDL). Vascular-targeted photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been used for the treatment of PWS in China since the early 1990's. Both can achieve a certain degree of color blanching in various types of PWS lesions. However, the majority of PWS lesions require multiple treatments. Some PWS lesions can recur or become darker after successful treatment. Recently, it has been proposed that this phenomenon might be initiated by neoangiogenesis that can be caused by treatment via wound healing response. The combined use of photothermolysis and a topical application of an angiogenic inhibitor such as Imiquimod and Rapamycin, were evaluated in several pilot studies. It is well-known that PDT can induce various host immune responses VEGF overexpression. Recent clinical data also show that improved clinical outcomes are obtained through the combination of ocular PDT and anti-VEGF therapy. This article will discuss rationales and implications of using such a combination modality and highlight recent progress based on our clinical experience and published data.
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Kaihua Yuan, Qiaobing Huang, Zheng Huang, "Combination of PDT and topical angiogenic inhibitor for treatment of port wine stain (PWS) birthmarks: a novel approach", Proc. SPIE 7380, Photodynamic Therapy: Back to the Future, 73802V (13 July 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.823280; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.823280
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