28 August 2009 Accuracy improvements of gyro-based measurement-while-drilling surveying instruments by a laser testing method
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Proceedings Volume 7382, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2009: Laser Sensing and Imaging; 73822J (2009) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.835279
Event: International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2009, 2009, Beijing, China
Abstract
Gyroscope used as surveying sensor in the oil industry has been proposed as a good technique for measurement-whiledrilling (MWD) to provide real-time monitoring of the position and the orientation of the bottom hole assembly (BHA).However, drifts in the measurements provided by gyroscope might be prohibitive for the long-term utilization of the sensor. Some usual methods such as zero velocity update procedure (ZUPT) introduced to limit these drifts seem to be time-consuming and with limited effect. This study explored an in-drilling dynamic -alignment (IDA) method for MWD which utilizes gyroscope. During a directional drilling process, there are some minutes in the rotary drilling mode when the drill bit combined with drill pipe are rotated about the spin axis in a certain speed. This speed can be measured and used to determine and limit some drifts of the gyroscope which pay great effort to the deterioration in the long-term performance. A novel laser assembly is designed on the wellhead to count the rotating cycles of the drill pipe. With this provided angular velocity of the drill pipe, drifts of gyroscope measurements are translated into another form that can be easy tested and compensated. That allows better and faster alignment and limited drifts during the navigation process both of which can reduce long-term navigation errors, thus improving the overall accuracy in INS-based MWD system. This article concretely explores the novel device on the wellhead designed to test the rotation of the drill pipe. It is based on laser testing which is simple and not expensive by adding a laser emitter to the existing drilling equipment. Theoretical simulations and analytical approximations exploring the IDA idea have shown improvement in the accuracy of overall navigation and reduction in the time required to achieve convergence. Gyroscope accuracy along the axis is mainly improved. It is suggested to use the IDA idea in the rotary mode for alignment. Several other practical aspects of implementing this approach are evaluated and compared.
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Rong Li, Fan Li, "Accuracy improvements of gyro-based measurement-while-drilling surveying instruments by a laser testing method", Proc. SPIE 7382, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2009: Laser Sensing and Imaging, 73822J (28 August 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.835279; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.835279
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