4 August 2009 Calcified lesion modeling for excimer laser ablation
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Proceedings Volume 7386, Photonics North 2009; 738608 (2009) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.839683
Event: Photonics North 2009, 2009, Quebec, Canada
Abstract
Objective: Develop a representative calcium target model to evaluate penetration of calcified plaque lesions during atherectomy procedures using 308 nm Excimer laser ablation. Materials and Methods: An in-vitro model representing human calcified plaque was analyzed using Plaster-of-Paris and cement based composite materials as well as a fibrinogen model. The materials were tested for mechanical consistency. The most likely candidate(s) resulting from initial mechanical and chemical screening was submitted for ablation testing. The penetration rate of specific multi-fiber catheter designs and a single fiber probe was obtained and compared to that in human cadaver calcified plaque. The effects of lasing parameters and catheter tip design on penetration speed in a representative calcified model were verified against the results in human cadaver specimens. Results: In Plaster of Paris, the best penetration was obtained using the single fiber tip configuration operating at 100 Fluence, 120 Hz. Calcified human lesions are twice as hard, twice as elastic as and much more complex than Plaster of Paris. Penetration of human calcified specimens was highly inconsistent and varied significantly from specimen to specimen and within individual specimens. Conclusions: Although Plaster of Paris demonstrated predictable increases in penetration with higher energy density and repetition rate, it can not be considered a totally representative laser ablation model for calcified lesions. This is in part due to the more heterogeneous nature and higher density composition of cadaver intravascular human calcified occlusions. Further testing will require a more representative model of human calcified lesions.
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Holly A. Scott, Holly A. Scott, Andrew Archuleta, Andrew Archuleta, Robert Splinter, Robert Splinter, } "Calcified lesion modeling for excimer laser ablation", Proc. SPIE 7386, Photonics North 2009, 738608 (4 August 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.839683; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.839683
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