17 June 2009 Simple method for the measurement of small wavelength differences by optical activity of cholesteric liquid crystal and heterodyne interferometer
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Abstract
In this study, the optical activity of cholesteric liquid crystal and common-path heterodyne interferometry are used in a simple measurement technique that was developed to measure small wavelength differences. A circularly polarized heterodyne light passes through a cholesteric liquid crystal cell and an analyzer. Consequently, an interference signal is generated. When the cholesteric liquid crystal cell is properly chosen at circular regime, it owns strongly optical activity. Accordingly, the phase difference between the s- and p-polarized components of the interference signal depends strongly on the wavelength. As the wavelength changed, a variation of the phase difference can be accurately detected by heterodyne interferometry. Substituting the variation of phase difference into specially derived equations, the wavelength variations can be estimated accurately. The feasibility of this method was demonstrated and this method provides the advantages of a simple structure, easy operations, rapid measurement, high stability, and high sensitivity.
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Jing-Heng Chen, Jing-Heng Chen, Kun-Huang Chen, Kun-Huang Chen, Jiun-You Lin, Jiun-You Lin, Hsiang-Yung Hsieh, Hsiang-Yung Hsieh, Wei-Yao Chang, Wei-Yao Chang, } "Simple method for the measurement of small wavelength differences by optical activity of cholesteric liquid crystal and heterodyne interferometer", Proc. SPIE 7389, Optical Measurement Systems for Industrial Inspection VI, 73892E (17 June 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.826846; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.826846
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