27 August 2009 The effect of design parameters of metallic substrate on the reproducibility of SERS measurement for biosensing
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Proceedings Volume 7397, Biosensing II; 739717 (2009); doi: 10.1117/12.827012
Event: SPIE NanoScience + Engineering, 2009, San Diego, California, United States
Abstract
A successful detection of inherently weak Raman signal from molecules is possible with giant enhancement of signal by the process of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). The SERS-induced enhancement is typically achieved when the molecules adsorbed onto the surface of a noble-metal substrate with nanometric roughness. Such SERS-substrate could be economically fabricated by convective assembly of polystyrene beads followed by metal deposition. The characterization of mono-metallic substrate showed that the SERS enhancement factor increases with increasing thickness of Ag or Au, with Ag-substrate giving the greatest SERS enhancement. However, the formation of silver oxide layer could reduce the shelf-life of the Ag-substrate. Alternatively, Au is also used as the coating material owing to its chemical inertness and biocompatibility. Despite the decent enhancement of the Au-substrate, Au-layer was found to be unstable after prolonged incubation in crystal violet solution. The inherent deficiency in adhesiveness of Au to the glass limits its use as a reliable and cost-effective substrate. In an attempt to improve the SERS-substrate, bimetallic substrate was fabricated by depositing the Au-film, as a protective layer, on the Ag-substrate. In this case, the top layer of Au of the bimetallic substrate remained intact after chemical treatment. Furthermore, the bimetallic substrate was shown to give comparable level of enhancement as an Ag-substrate by choosing a proper thickness ratio of the bimetallic layers. The result suggests that the design of bimetallic substrate could be optimized to maximize the SERS enhancement while retaining a decent stability after laser illumination and chemical treatment. Our findings suggest that bimetallic substrates are potentially useful for a reliable SERS-based biosensing.
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Chit Yaw Fu, Zhen Yu Koh, Kiang Wei Kho, Dinish U. S, Thoniyot Praveen, Malini Olivo, "The effect of design parameters of metallic substrate on the reproducibility of SERS measurement for biosensing", Proc. SPIE 7397, Biosensing II, 739717 (27 August 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.827012; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.827012
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KEYWORDS
Silver

Gold

Raman spectroscopy

Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy

Coating

Molecules

Biosensing

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