21 August 2009 Plant tissue optics: micro- and nanostructures
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Proceedings Volume 7401, Biomimetics and Bioinspiration; 740104 (2009); doi: 10.1117/12.826085
Event: SPIE NanoScience + Engineering, 2009, San Diego, California, United States
Abstract
Plants have evolved unusual tissue optical properties, not surprising as creatures of light. These are astonishingly sophisticated, involving both micro- and nanostructures. Microstructures refract, scatter, and channel light in plant tissues, to produce concentrations and gradients of light within, and to remove undesired portions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Nanostructures use the different refractive indices of both cellulosic walls and bi-lipid membranes to interfere with light, multiple layers producing intense constructive coloration and reduced fluxes within tissues. In a tropical sedge now under analysis, structures may include silica. Recently discovered surface diffraction gratings produce strong directionally sensitive coloration that assist in pollinator visitation. Although some of these properties have obvious applications, most await appreciation by creative scientists to produce new useful devices.
© (2009) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
David W. Lee, "Plant tissue optics: micro- and nanostructures", Proc. SPIE 7401, Biomimetics and Bioinspiration, 740104 (21 August 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.826085; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.826085
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KEYWORDS
Absorption

Tissue optics

Tissues

Nanostructures

Diffraction gratings

Natural surfaces

Optical properties

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