21 August 2009 Zirconia coated carbonyl iron particle-based magnetorheological fluid for polishing
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Abstract
Aqueous magnetorheological (MR) polishing fluids used in magnetorheological finishing (MRF) have a high solids concentration consisting of magnetic carbonyl iron particles and nonmagnetic polishing abrasives. The properties of MR polishing fluids are affected over time by corrosion of CI particles. Here we report on MRF spotting experiments performed on optical glasses using a zirconia coated carbonyl iron (CI) particle-based MR fluid. The zirconia coated magnetic CI particles were prepared via sol-gel synthesis in kg quantities. The coating layer was ~50-100 nm thick, faceted in surface structure, and well adhered. Coated particles showed long term stability against aqueous corrosion. "Free" nano-crystalline zirconia polishing abrasives were co-generated in the coating process, resulting in an abrasivecharged powder for MRF. A viable MR fluid was prepared simply by adding water. Spot polishing tests were performed on a variety of optical glasses over a period of 3 weeks with no signs of MR fluid degradation or corrosion. Stable material removal rates and smooth surfaces inside spots were obtained.
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Shai N. Shafrir, Henry J. Romanofsky, Michael Skarlinski, Mimi Wang, Chunlin Miao, Sivan Salzman, Taylor Chartier, Joni Mici, John C. Lambropoulos, Rui Shen, Hong Yang, Stephen D. Jacobs, "Zirconia coated carbonyl iron particle-based magnetorheological fluid for polishing", Proc. SPIE 7426, Optical Manufacturing and Testing VIII, 74260B (21 August 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.826383; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.826383
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