17 September 2009 Wide Field Camera 3 CCD quantum efficiency hysteresis: characterization and mitigation
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Abstract
In ground testing of the Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Camera 3 (HST/WFC3), the CCDs of its UV/visible channel exhibited an unanticipated quantum efficiency hysteresis (QEH) behavior. The QEH first manifested itself as an occasionally observed contrast in response across the format of the CCDs, with an amplitude of typically 0.1-0.2% or less at the nominal -83°C operating temperature, but with contrasts of up to 3-5% observed at warmer temperatures. The behavior has been replicated in the laboratory using flight spare detectors and has been found to be related to an initial response deficiency of ~5% amplitude when the CCDs are cooled with no illumination. A visible light flat-field (540nm) with a several times full-well signal level is found to pin the detector response at both optical (600nm) and near-UV (230nm) wavelengths, suppressing the QEH behavior. We have characterized the timescale for the detectors to become unpinned (days for significant response loss at -83°C and have developed a protocol to stabilize the response in flight by flashing the WFC3 CCDs with the instrument's internal calibration system.
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Nicholas R. Collins, Nicholas R. Collins, Nicholas Boehm, Nicholas Boehm, Gregory Delo, Gregory Delo, Roger D. Foltz, Roger D. Foltz, Robert J. Hill, Robert J. Hill, Emily Kan, Emily Kan, Randy A. Kimble, Randy A. Kimble, Eliot Malumuth, Eliot Malumuth, Robert Rosenberry, Robert Rosenberry, Augustyn Waczynski, Augustyn Waczynski, Yiting Wen, Yiting Wen, Sylvia Baggett, Sylvia Baggett, Howard Bushouse, Howard Bushouse, Susana Deustua, Susana Deustua, Jessica Kim-Quijano, Jessica Kim-Quijano, John MacKenty, John MacKenty, Andre Martel, Andre Martel, Elena Sabbi, Elena Sabbi, } "Wide Field Camera 3 CCD quantum efficiency hysteresis: characterization and mitigation", Proc. SPIE 7439, Astronomical and Space Optical Systems, 74390B (17 September 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.828439; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.828439
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