19 August 2009 A starshade for JWST: science goals and optimization
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Abstract
The James Webb Space Telescope will be an extraordinary observatory, providing a huge range of exciting new astrophysical results. However, by itself it will not be capable of directly imaging planets in the habitable zone of nearby stars, one of the most fascinating goals of astronomy for the coming decade. In this paper we discuss the New Worlds Probe (NWP) concept whereby we use an external occulter (or starshade) to cast a shadow from the star onto the telescope, therefore canceling the direct star light while the light from a planet is not affected. This concept enables JWST to take images and spectra of extrasolar planets with sufficient contrast and inner working angle to be able to discover planets down to the size of the Earth in the habitable zone around nearby stars. JWST's instruments are appropriate to achieve low resolution spectroscopy (R ≅ 40) of these planets, and address a series of fundamental questions: are there planets in the habitable zone around nearby stars? What is the composition of their atmosphere? What are the brightness and structures of exozodiacal disks around nearby stars? What is the mass and composition of currently known giant planets? In this paper we study the starshade optimization for JWST given the instrumental constraints, and show that the modest optical quality of the telescope at short wavelength does not impact the possibility of using a starshade. We propose a solution to enable imaging and spectroscopy using target acquisition filters. We discuss possible time allocation among science goals based on exposure time estimates and total available observing time. The starshade can be launched up to 3 years after JWST and rendezvous with the telescope in orbit around L2.
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Rémi Soummer, Rémi Soummer, Webster Cash, Webster Cash, Robert A. Brown, Robert A. Brown, Ian Jordan, Ian Jordan, Aki Roberge, Aki Roberge, Tiffany Glassman, Tiffany Glassman, Amy Lo, Amy Lo, Sara Seager, Sara Seager, Laurent Pueyo, Laurent Pueyo, } "A starshade for JWST: science goals and optimization", Proc. SPIE 7440, Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets IV, 74400A (19 August 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.826702; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.826702
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