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28 September 2009 Using collective x-ray Thomson scattering to measure temperature and density of warm dense matter
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Abstract
Collective x-ray Thomson scattering allows measuring plasmons, i.e electron plasma oscillations (Langmuir waves). This is manifest in the appearance of spectrally up- and down-shifted spectral features in addition to the Rayleigh signal. The ratio of the up- and down-shifted signals is directly related to detailed balance, allowing to determine the plasma temperature from first principles. The spectral shift of the plasmon signals is sensitive to temperature and electron density. We discuss the experimental considerations that have to be fulfilled to observe plasmon signals with x-ray Thomson scattering. As an example, we describe an experiment that used the Cl Ly-α x-ray line at 2.96 keV to measure collective Thomson scattering from solid beryllium, isochorically heated to 18 eV. Since temperature measurement based on detailed balance is based on first principles, this method is important to validate models that, for example, calculate the static ion-ion structure factor Sii(k).
© (2009) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
T. Döppner, P. F. Davis, A. L. Kritcher, O. L. Landen, H. J. Lee, S. P. Regan, and S. H. Glenzer "Using collective x-ray Thomson scattering to measure temperature and density of warm dense matter", Proc. SPIE 7451, Soft X-Ray Lasers and Applications VIII, 74510H (28 September 2009); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.825395
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