28 August 2009 Sensor performance of Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) instruments aboard EOS Terra and Aqua spacecraft based on post-launch calibration studies
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Abstract
Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) instruments were designed to measure the reflected shortwave and emitted longwave radiances of the Earth's radiation budget and to investigate the cloud interactions with global radiances for the long-term monitoring of Earth's climate. The three scanning thermistor bolometers measure the broadband radiances in the shortwave (0.3 to 5.0 micrometer), total (0.3 to >100 micrometer) and 8 - 12 micrometer water vapor window regions. Four CERES instruments (Flight Models1 through 4) are flying aboard EOS Terra and Aqua platforms with two instruments aboard each spacecraft. The post launch calibration of CERES sensors are carried out using the internal calibration module (ICM) comprising of blackbody sources and quartz-halogen tungsten lamp, and a solar diffuser plate known as the Mirror Attenuator Mosaic (MAM). The ICM calibration results are instrumental in understanding the shift in CERES sensors' gains after launch from the pre-launch determined values. Several validation studies are also conducted with the CERES measurements to monitor the behavior of the sensors in various spectral regions. In addition to the broadband response changes derived from the on-board blackbody and the tungsten lamp, the shortwave and the total sensors show further drop in responsivity in the UV spectral region that were brought to light through validation studies. Further analyses were performed to correct for these response changes at all spectral regions. This paper reports the sensor response changes that were determined with the on-board calibration sources and the investigation of the additional factors that influence the performance of the CERES sensors in orbit.
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Susan Thomas, K. J. Priestley, P. C. Hess, R. S. Wilson, M. A. Avery, D. R. Walikainen, Z. P. Szewczyk, D. L. Cooper, M. Shankar, "Sensor performance of Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) instruments aboard EOS Terra and Aqua spacecraft based on post-launch calibration studies", Proc. SPIE 7452, Earth Observing Systems XIV, 74520I (28 August 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.828487; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.828487
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