19 August 2009 Beyond the first optical depth: fusing optical data from ocean color imagery and gliders
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Abstract
Optical properties derived from ocean color imagery represent vertically-integrated values from roughly the first attenuation length in the water column, thereby providing no information on the vertical structure. Robotic, in situ gliders, on the other hand, are not as synoptic, but provide the vertical structure. By linking measurements from these two platforms we can obtain a more complete environmental picture. We merged optical measurements derived from gliders with ocean color satellite imagery to reconstruct vertical structure of particle size spectra (PSD) in Antarctic shelf waters during January 2007. Satellite-derived PSD was estimated from reflectance ratios using the spectral slope of particulate backscattering (γbbp). Average surface values (0-20 m depth) of γbbp were spatially coherent (1 to 50 km resolution) between space and in-water remote sensing estimates. This agreement was confirmed with shipboard vertical profiles of spectral backscattering (HydroScat-6). It is suggested the complimentary use of glider-satellite optical relationships, ancillary data (e.g., wind speed) and ecological interpretation of spatial changes on particle dynamics (e.g., phytoplankton growth) to model underwater light fields based on cloud-free ocean color imagery.
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M. A. Montes-Hugo, M. A. Montes-Hugo, R. Gould, R. Gould, R. Arnone, R. Arnone, H. Ducklow, H. Ducklow, K. Carder, K. Carder, D. English, D. English, O. Schofield, O. Schofield, J. Kerfoot, J. Kerfoot, } "Beyond the first optical depth: fusing optical data from ocean color imagery and gliders", Proc. SPIE 7459, Ocean Remote Sensing: Methods and Applications, 74590N (19 August 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.831429; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.831429
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