11 August 2009 Measured comparison of the inversion periods for polarimetric and conventional thermal long-wave IR (LWIR) imagery
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Abstract
We report the results of a multi-day diurnal study in which radiometrically calibrated polarimetric and conventional thermal imagery is recorded in the LWIR to identify/compare the respective time periods in which minimum target contrast is achieved, e.g., thermal inversion periods are typically experienced during dusk and dawn. Imagery is recorded with a polarimetric IR sensor employing a 324x256 microbolometer array using a spinning achromatic retarder to perform the polarimetric filtering. The images used in this study include the S0, normalized S1, and normalized S2 Stokes images and the degree of linear polarization (DOLP) images of a scene containing military vehicles and the natural background. In addition, relevant meteorological parameters measured during the test period include air temperature, ambient loading in the LWIR, relative humidity, and cloud cover, height and density. The data shows that the chief factors affecting polarimetric contrast are the amount of thermal emission from the objects in the scene and the abundance of LWIR sources in the optical background. In addition, we found that contrast between targets and background within polarimetric images often remains relatively high during periods of low thermal contrast.
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M. Felton, M. Felton, K. P. Gurton, K. P. Gurton, L. E. Roth, L. E. Roth, J. L. Pezzaniti, J. L. Pezzaniti, D. B. Chenault, D. B. Chenault, } "Measured comparison of the inversion periods for polarimetric and conventional thermal long-wave IR (LWIR) imagery", Proc. SPIE 7461, Polarization Science and Remote Sensing IV, 74610A (11 August 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.825355; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.825355
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