Using the polarization characteristics of a target and its underlying surface one can change the target contrast range.
As the target one can use the compact and discrete structures with different characteristics to reflect electromagnetic
An important problem, solved by the adaptive polarization lidar, is to determine the availability and identification
of different targets based on their polarization characteristics against the background of underlying surface, which polarization
characteristics are unknown.
Another important problem of the adaptive polarization lidar is a search for the objects, which polarization characteristics
are unknown, against the background of underlying surface, which polarization characteristics are known. The
adaptive polarization lidar makes it possible to determine the presence of impurities in sea water.
The characteristics of the adaptive polarization lidar undergo variations, i.e., polarization characteristics of a sensing
signal and polarization characteristics of the receiver are varied depending on the problem to be solved. One of the
versions of construction of the adaptive polarization lidar is considered.
The increase of the contrast in the adaptive lidar has been demonstrated by the numerical experiment when sensing
hydrosols on the background of the Rayleigh scattering, caused by clear water.
The numerical experiment has also demonstrated the increase of the contrast in the adaptive lidar when sensing at
two wavelengths of dry haze and dense haze on the background of the Rayleigh scattering, caused by the clear atmosphere.
The most effective wavelength was chosen.