29 September 2009 Endmember search techniques based on lattice auto-associative memories: a case on vegetation discrimination
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Recent developments, based on lattice auto-associative memories, have been proposed as novel and alternative techniques for endmember determination in hyperspectral imagery. The present paper discusses and compares three such methods using, as a case study, the generation of vegetation abundance maps by constrained linear unmixing. The first method uses the canonical min and max autoassociative memories as detectors for lattice independence between pixel spectra; the second technique scans the image by blocks and selects candidate spectra that satisfies the strong lattice independence criteria within each block. Both methods give endmembers which correspond to pixel spectra, are computationally intensive, and the number of final endmembers are parameter dependent. The third method, based on the columns of the matrices that define the scaled min and max autoassociative memories, gives an approximation to endmembers that do not always correspond to pixel spectra; however, these endmembers form a high-dimensional simplex that encloses all pixel spectra. It requires less computations and always gives a fixed number of endmembers, from which final endmembers can be selected. Besides a quantification of computational performance, each method is applied to discriminate vegetation in the Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve geographical area.
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Gonzalo Urcid, Gonzalo Urcid, Juan Carlos Valdiviezo-N., Juan Carlos Valdiviezo-N., Gerhard X. Ritter, Gerhard X. Ritter, } "Endmember search techniques based on lattice auto-associative memories: a case on vegetation discrimination", Proc. SPIE 7477, Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XV, 74771D (29 September 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.834213; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.834213

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