We report on a novel 2 μm laser transmitter for CO2 DIAL, based on a nanosecond parametric master oscillator-power
amplifier architecture. The master oscillator is an entangled-cavity, doubly resonant, optical parametric oscillator, based
on a type-II periodically poled Lithium Niobate nonlinear crystal. This device provides single-longitudinal-mode
radiation, with a high frequency stability and high beam quality, with no need of an additional seeding source. The 2.05
μm signal emission is amplified by multi-stage parametric amplifiers to generate more than 10 mJ. After amplification,
both the spectral purity and beam quality are maintained: we demonstrate single-longitudinal-mode emission with a
frequency stability better than 3 MHz rms, within a nearly diffraction limited beam, with a M2 quality factor close to 1.5.
The unique performances of this parametric architecture make this device a relevant transmitter for CO2 differential-absorption
LIDAR. Such approach could be readily duplicated for the detection of other greenhouse gases.