17 September 2009 Rapid test for the detection of hazardous microbiological material
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Abstract
After attacks with anthrax pathogens have been committed since 2001 all over the world the fast detection and determination of biological samples has attracted interest. A very promising method for a rapid test is Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS). LIBS is an optical method which uses time-resolved or time-integrated spectral analysis of optical plasma emission after pulsed laser excitation. Even though LIBS is well established for the determination of metals and other inorganic materials the analysis of microbiological organisms is difficult due to their very similar stoichiometric composition. To analyze similar LIBS-spectra computer assisted chemometrics is a very useful approach. In this paper we report on first results of developing a compact and fully automated rapid test for the detection of hazardous microbiological material. Experiments have been carried out with two setups: A bulky one which is composed of standard laboratory components and a compact one consisting of miniaturized industrial components. Both setups work at an excitation wavelength of λ=1064nm (Nd:YAG). Data analysis is done by Principal Component Analysis (PCA) with an adjacent neural network for fully automated sample identification.
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Mario Mordmueller, Mario Mordmueller, Christian Bohling, Christian Bohling, Andreas John, Andreas John, Wolfgang Schade, Wolfgang Schade, "Rapid test for the detection of hazardous microbiological material", Proc. SPIE 7484, Optically Based Biological and Chemical Detection for Defence V, 74840F (17 September 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.830200; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.830200
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