20 October 2009 Bioelectrochemical activity of an electroactive macromolecular weight coenzyme derivative
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Proceedings Volume 7493, Second International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering; 74934Y (2009) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.838551
Event: Second International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering, 2009, Weihai, China
Abstract
As coenzyme utilized by more than hundreds of dehydrogenases, the efficient immobilization and regeneration of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) are of great importance and have practical applications in industrial, analytical and biomedical field. In this paper, an electroactive macromolecular weight coenzyme derivative (PEI-DHBNAD) was prepared by attaching both NAD+ and 3,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde (3,4-DHB) to a water-soluble polyelectrolyte, poly(ethylenimine) (PEI). The functional polymer exhibited both electrochemical properties of catechol unites and coenzymatic activity of NAD moieties. The macromolecular NAD analogue showed a substantial degree of efficiency relative to free NAD+ with alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and glucose-6-phophate dehydrogenase (G6PDH), and a litter higher Michaelis-Menton constant (Km) was obtained for the coenzyme derivative than free NAD+. The bioelectrochemical properties of PEI-DHB-NAD were investigated by using G6PDH as the model enzyme, and both of them were retained on electrode surface by ultrafiltration membrane. The modified electrode showed typical response to substrate without the addition of free coenzyme, which indicated that PEI-DHB-NAD can carry out the electron transfer between electrode and NAD-dependent dehydrogenase. The utilization of polymer-based PEI-DHB-NAD is convenient for the immobilization of both electron mediator and coenzyme, and offers a practical approach for the construction of reagentless biosensors.
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Pu Liu, Pu Liu, Haitao Zheng, Haitao Zheng, Pingping Nie, Pingping Nie, Yaotian Wei, Yaotian Wei, Zhenchao Feng, Zhenchao Feng, Tao Sun, Tao Sun, } "Bioelectrochemical activity of an electroactive macromolecular weight coenzyme derivative", Proc. SPIE 7493, Second International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering, 74934Y (20 October 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.838551; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.838551
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