30 October 2009 Nonlinear ultrasonic imaging with X wave
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Proceedings Volume 7494, MIPPR 2009: Multispectral Image Acquisition and Processing; 74940C (2009) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.831324
Event: Sixth International Symposium on Multispectral Image Processing and Pattern Recognition, 2009, Yichang, China
Abstract
X wave has a large depth of field and may have important application in ultrasonic imaging to provide high frame rate (HFR). However, the HFR system suffers from lower spatial resolution. In this paper, a study of nonlinear imaging with X wave is presented to improve the resolution. A theoretical description of realizable nonlinear X wave is reported. The nonlinear field is simulated by solving the KZK nonlinear wave equation with a time-domain difference method. The results show that the second harmonic field of X wave has narrower mainlobe and lower sidelobes than the fundamental field. In order to evaluate the imaging effect with X wave, an imaging model involving numerical calculation of the KZK equation, Rayleigh-Sommerfeld integral, band-pass filtering and envelope detection is constructed to obtain 2D fundamental and second harmonic images of scatters in tissue-like medium. The results indicate that if X wave is used, the harmonic image has higher spatial resolution throughout the entire imaging region than the fundamental image, but higher sidelobes occur as compared to conventional focus imaging. A HFR imaging method with higher spatial resolution is thus feasible provided an apodization method is used to suppress sidelobes.
© (2009) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Hongwei Du, Wei Lu, Huanqing Feng, "Nonlinear ultrasonic imaging with X wave", Proc. SPIE 7494, MIPPR 2009: Multispectral Image Acquisition and Processing, 74940C (30 October 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.831324; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.831324
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