30 November 2009 Design and laboratory calibration of the compact pushbroom hyperspectral imaging system
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The designed hyperspectral imaging system is composed of three main parts, that is, optical subsystem, electronic subsystem and capturing subsystem. And a three-dimensional "image cube" can be obtained through push-broom. The fore-optics is commercial-off-the-shelf with high speed and three continuous zoom ratios. Since the dispersive imaging part is based on Offner relay configuration with an aberration-corrected convex grating, high power of light collection and variable view field are obtained. The holographic recording parameters of the convex grating are optimized, and the aberration of the Offner configuration dispersive system is balanced. The electronic system adopts module design, which can minimize size, mass, and power consumption. Frame transfer area-array CCD is chosen as the image sensor and the spectral line can be binned to achieve better SNR and sensitivity without any deterioration in spatial resolution. The capturing system based on the computer can set the capturing parameters, calibrate the spectrometer, process and display spectral imaging data. Laboratory calibrations are prerequisite for using precise spectral data. The spatial and spectral calibration minimize smile and keystone distortion caused by optical system, assembly and so on and fix positions of spatial and spectral line on the frame area-array CCD. Gases excitation lamp is used in smile calibration and the keystone calculation is carried out by different viewing field point source created by a series of narrow slit. The laboratory and field imaging results show that this pushbroom hyperspectral imaging system can acquire high quality spectral images.
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Jiankang Zhou, Jiankang Zhou, Yiqun Ji, Yiqun Ji, Yuheng Chen, Yuheng Chen, Xinhua Chen, Xinhua Chen, Weimin Shen, Weimin Shen, } "Design and laboratory calibration of the compact pushbroom hyperspectral imaging system", Proc. SPIE 7506, 2009 International Conference on Optical Instruments and Technology: Optical Systems and Modern Optoelectronic Instruments, 75062M (30 November 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.838159; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.838159

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