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23 November 2009 Compact liquid crystal waveguide based fourier transform spectrometer for in-situ and remote gas and chemical sensing
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Jet Propulsion Lab and Vescent Photonics Inc. are jointly developing an innovative ultra-compact (volume < 10 cm3), ultra-low power (<10-3 Watt-hours per measurement and zero power consumption when not measuring), completely nonmechanical electro-optic Fourier transform spectrometers (EO-FTS) that will be suitable for a variety of remoteplatform, in-situ measurements. This EO-FTS consists of: i) a novel electro-evanescent waveguide architecture as the solid-state time delay device whose optical path difference (OPD) can be precisely varied utilizing voltage control, ii) a photodetector diode, and iii) an external light/sample collecting devices tailored for either in-situ gas and/or rock sample analysis or for remote atmospheric gas analysis. These devices are made possible by a novel electro-evanescent waveguide architecture, enabling "chip-scale" EO-FTS sensors. The potential performance of these EO-FTS sensors include: i) a spectral range throughout 0.4-5 μm (25000 - 2000 cm-1), ii) high-resolution ▵λ ≤ 0.1 nm), iii) high-speed (< 1 ms) measurements, and iv) rugged integrated optical construction. This performance potential enables the detection and quantification of a large number of different atmospheric gases simultaneously in the same air mass and the rugged construction will enable deployment on previously inaccessible platforms. In this paper, the up-to-date EO-FTS sensor development status will be presented; initial experimental results will also be demonstrated.
© (2009) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Tien-Hsin Chao, Scott R Davis, and Michael H Anderson "Compact liquid crystal waveguide based fourier transform spectrometer for in-situ and remote gas and chemical sensing", Proc. SPIE 7508, 2009 International Conference on Optical Instruments and Technology: Advanced Sensor Technologies and Applications, 75080K (23 November 2009);

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