28 October 2009 Visualization of reproduction toxicity of QDs for in vitro oocytes maturation
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Recently, QDs have attracted enormous attention for their potential applications ranging from physics to medicine. However, the toxicity of QDs impends its development in clinics experiment. In this work, we investigated the reproduction toxicity of QDs for in vitro oocytes matureation. The immatured oocytes of 28 day Kunming mice were harvested and cultured in vitro. And the biocompatible lysine-coated CdSe/CdS/ZnS QDs were incubated with oocytes for a certain periods. Then, each single oocyte-cumulus-complex was visualized under Leica scanning confocal microscope and rendered the 3-dimensional image. After 24 hrs, the maturation rate of oocytes decreased obviously (from 62% to 21.8%) with the concentration of QDs increasing. The 3D rendered images of oocyte-cumulus-complex showed that the most QDs distributed inside the cumulus, but no QDs entered oocytes. In summary, the results suggeste that the oocytes maturation process has high susceptibility for disturbances of QDs. The more QDs were uptaken by cumulus cells, the lower maturation rate of in vitro oocytes. We presume the QD interfere the process of oocytes maturation by dysfunctioning the cumulus cells or disturb the signal-interaction between germ cell and somatic cell. To our best knowledge, this is the first time that 3D visulization methods are used to analysize the reproduction toxicity of in vitro oocytes. The further toxicity mechanism of QDs for oocytes in vitro is undergoing investigation.
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Gaixia Xu, Gaixia Xu, Xiaotan Lin, Xiaotan Lin, Ken-Tye Yong, Ken-Tye Yong, Indrajit Roy, Indrajit Roy, Junle Qu, Junle Qu, Xiaomei Wang, Xiaomei Wang, } "Visualization of reproduction toxicity of QDs for in vitro oocytes maturation", Proc. SPIE 7519, Eighth International Conference on Photonics and Imaging in Biology and Medicine (PIBM 2009), 75191W (28 October 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.843521; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.843521

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