14 April 2010 Decisive factor in increase of loading at adjacent segments after lumbar fusion: operative technique, pedicle screws, or fusion itself: biomechanical analysis using finite element
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Proceedings Volume 7522, Fourth International Conference on Experimental Mechanics; 75222R (2010) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.851295
Event: Fourth International Conference on Experimental Mechanics, 2009, Singapore, Singapore
Abstract
The aim of this study is to investigate the change in biomechanical milieu following removal of pedicle screws or removal of spinous process with posterior ligament complex in instrumented single level lumbar arthrodesis. We developed and validated a finite element model (FEM) of the intact lumbar spine (L2-4). Four scenarios of L3-4 lumbar fusion were simulated: posterolateral fusion (PLF) at L3-4 using pedicle screw system with preservation of PLC (Pp WiP), L3-4 lumbar posterolateral fusion state after removal of pedicle screw system with preservation of PLC (Pp WoP), L3-4 using pedicle screw system without preservation PLC (Sp WiP), L3-4 lumbar posterolateral fusion state after removal of pedicle screw system without preservation of PLC (Sp WoP). For these models, we investigated the range of motion and maximal Von mises stress of disc in all segments under various moments. All fusion models demonstrated increase in range of motion at adjacent segments compared to the intact model.For the four fusion models, the WiP model s P had the largest increase in range of motion at each adjacent segment. This study demonstrated that removal of pedicle screw system and preservation of PLC after complete lumbar spinal fusion could reduce the stress of adjacent segments synergistically and might have beneficial effects in preventing ASD.
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Joon-Hee Park, Ho-Joong Kim, Kyoung-Tak Kang, Ka-yeon Kim, Heoung-Jae Chun, Seong-Hwan Moon, Hwan-Mo Lee, "Decisive factor in increase of loading at adjacent segments after lumbar fusion: operative technique, pedicle screws, or fusion itself: biomechanical analysis using finite element", Proc. SPIE 7522, Fourth International Conference on Experimental Mechanics, 75222R (14 April 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.851295; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.851295
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