MP3 is the most popular audio format nowadays in our daily life, for example music downloaded from the Internet and
file saved in the digital recorder are often in MP3 format. However, low bitrate MP3s are often transcoded to high bitrate
since high bitrate ones are of high commercial value. Also audio recording in digital recorder can be doctored easily by
pervasive audio editing software. This paper presents two methods for the detection of double MP3 compression. The
methods are essential for finding out fake-quality MP3 and audio forensics. The proposed methods use support vector
machine classifiers with feature vectors formed by the distributions of the first digits of the quantized MDCT (modified
discrete cosine transform) coefficients. Extensive experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed methods.
To the best of our knowledge, this piece of work is the first one to detect double compression of audio signal.