28 December 2010 Quantum simulation of laser cooling for fabrication of nanometer scale pitch standard
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Proceedings Volume 7544, Sixth International Symposium on Precision Engineering Measurements and Instrumentation; 754467 (2010) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.886447
Event: Sixth International Symposium on Precision Engineering Measurements and Instrumentation, 2010, Hangzhou, China
Abstract
A quantum mechanical Monte Carlo simulation is carried out for one-dimensional laser cooling of Chromium atoms. Chromium atom beam collimation via transverse laser cooling is essential for the fabrication of periodic nanometer scale structures by laser-focused atomic deposition. Such structures can be used as precision pitch standards for nanometer scale measurement and engineering. We explore the roles played by several factors, such as laser intensity and detuning, in the cooling process. Calculation results show different dependencies for cooling rate and ultimate temperature to be reached with given sets of parameters. Also, for atoms with different initial velocities in the transverse direction, the conditions under which optimal collimation effect is achieved can differ. Consequently, the current experimental setup, which utilizes LIF spots from marginal beams to monitor the laser collimation, can produce cooling effects which are not optimal for the end product.
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Yi-Li Xiao, Yan Ma, Wen Wu, Wei-Gang Gong, Tong-Bao Li, "Quantum simulation of laser cooling for fabrication of nanometer scale pitch standard", Proc. SPIE 7544, Sixth International Symposium on Precision Engineering Measurements and Instrumentation, 754467 (28 December 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.886447; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.886447
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