2 March 2010 Automated image classification applied to reconstituted human corneal epithelium for the early detection of toxic damage
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Proceedings Volume 7550, Ophthalmic Technologies XX; 75501N (2010) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.841095
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2010, San Francisco, California, United States
Abstract
For a long time acute eye irritation has been assessed by means of the DRAIZE rabbit test, the limitations of which are known. Alternative tests based on in vitro models have been proposed. This work focuses on the "reconstituted human corneal epithelium" (R-HCE), which resembles the corneal epithelium of the human eye by thickness, morphology and marker expression. Testing a substance on R-HCE involves a variety of methods. Herewith quantitative morphological analysis is applied to optical microscope images of R-HCE cross sections resulting from exposure to benzalkonium chloride (BAK). The short term objectives and the first results are the analysis and classification of said images. Automated analysis relies on feature extraction by the spectrum-enhancement algorithm, which is made sensitive to anisotropic morphology, and classification based on principal components analysis. The winning strategy has been the separate analysis of the apical and basal layers, which carry morphological information of different types. R-HCE specimens have been ranked by gross damage. The onset of early damage has been detected and an R-HCE specimen exposed to a low BAK dose has been singled out from the negative and positive control. These results provide a proof of principle for the automated classification of the specimens of interest on a purely morphological basis by means of the spectrum enhancement algorithm.
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Giovanni Franco Crosta, Giovanni Franco Crosta, Chiara Urani, Chiara Urani, Barbara De Servi, Barbara De Servi, Marisa Meloni, Marisa Meloni, } "Automated image classification applied to reconstituted human corneal epithelium for the early detection of toxic damage", Proc. SPIE 7550, Ophthalmic Technologies XX, 75501N (2 March 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.841095; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.841095
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