22 February 2010 Do radio frequencies of medical instruments common in the operating room interfere with near-infrared spectroscopy signals?
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Abstract
Background: Medical and diagnostic applications of near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) are increasing, especially in operating rooms (OR). Since NIRS is an optical technique, radio frequency (RF) interference from other instruments is unlikely to affect the raw optical data, however, NIRS data processing and signal output could be affected. Methods: We investigated the potential for three common OR instruments: an electrical cautery, an orthopaedic drill and an imaging system, to generate electromagnetic interference (EMI) that could potentially influence NIRS signals. The time of onset and duration of every operation of each device was recorded during surgery. To remove the effects of slow changing physiological variables, we first used a lowpass filter and then selected 2 windows with variable lengths around the moment of device onset. For each instant, variances (energy) and means of the signals in the 2 windows were compared. Results: Twenty patients were studied during ankle surgery. Analysis shows no statistically significant difference in the means and variance of the NIRS signals (p < 0.01) during operation of any of the three devices for all surgeries. Conclusion: This method confirms the instruments evaluated caused no significant interference. NIRS can potentially be used without EMI in clinical environments such as the OR.
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Babak Shadgan, Babak Shadgan, Behnam Molavi, Behnam Molavi, W. Darlene Reid, W. Darlene Reid, Guy Dumont, Guy Dumont, Andrew J. Macnab, Andrew J. Macnab, } "Do radio frequencies of medical instruments common in the operating room interfere with near-infrared spectroscopy signals?", Proc. SPIE 7555, Advanced Biomedical and Clinical Diagnostic Systems VIII, 755512 (22 February 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.842712; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.842712
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