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24 February 2010 Accurate, in vivo NIR measurement of skeletal muscle oxygenation through fat
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Noninvasive near infrared (NIR) spectroscopic measurement of muscle oxygenation requires the penetration of light through overlying skin and fat layers. We have previously demonstrated a dual-light source design and orthogonalization algorithm that corrects for inference from skin absorption and fat scattering. To achieve accurate muscle oxygen saturation (SmO2) measurement, one must select the appropriate source-detector distance (SD) to completely penetrate the fat layer. Methods: Six healthy subjects were supine for 15min to normalize tissue oxygenation across the body. NIR spectra were collected from the calf, shoulder, lower and upper thigh muscles with long SD distances of 30mm, 35mm, 40mm and 45mm. Spectral preprocessing with the short SD (3mm) spectrum preceded SmO2 calculation with a Taylor series expansion method. Three-way ANOVA was used to compare SmO2 values over varying fat thickness, subjects and SD distances. Results: Overlying fat layers varied in thickness from 4.9mm to 19.6mm across all subjects. SmO2 measured at the four locations were comparable for each subject (p=0.133), regardless of fat thickness and SD distance. SmO2 (mean±std dev) measured at calf, shoulder, low and high thigh were 62±3%, 59±8%, 61±2%, 61±4% respectively for SD distance of 30mm. In these subjects no significant influence of SD was observed (p=0.948). Conclusions: The results indicate that for our sensor design a 30mm SD is sufficient to penetrate through a 19mm fat layer and that orthogonalization with short SD effectively removed spectral interference from fat to result in a reproducible determination of SmO2.
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Chunguang Jin, Fengmei Zou, Gwenn E. C. Ellerby, Peter Scott, Boyan Peshlov, and Babs R. Soller "Accurate, in vivo NIR measurement of skeletal muscle oxygenation through fat", Proc. SPIE 7559, Optical Fibers and Sensors for Medical Diagnostics and Treatment Applications X, 75590P (24 February 2010);

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