24 February 2010 Confocal microscopy for automatic measurement of the density and distance between elastin fibers of histologic preparations of normotensive and hypertensive patients
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Abstract
Elastic fibers are essential components of the human aorta, and there is an association between elastin fibers remodeling and several diseases. Hypertension is one such example of a disease leading to elastin fibers remodeling. These fibers can be easily seen in eosin-hematoxilin (HE) stained histologic sections when observed by UV-excited fluorescence microscopy or by a much more precise Laser Scanning Confocal Microscope (LSCM). In order to study the effect of the hypertension on the elastin fibers pattern we developed an automatic system (software and hardware) to count the number of elastin fibers and to measure the distance between them in a LSCM and used it compare the statistical distribution of the distance between these fibers in normotensive and hypertensive patients. The full image of the whole sample (2 or 3mm long) was composed by several 220×220μm frames with 512×512 pixels. The software counters fiber and distance between fibers. We compared the elastic fiber texture in routinely HE-stained histologic slides of the aorta ascendens in 24 normotensive and 30 hypertensive adult patients of both sexes and of similar age from our autopsy files. Our results show that the average number of fibers is the same for both cases but the distance between the fibers are larger for hypertensive patients than for normotensive ones.
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G. Vieira, G. Vieira, D. P. Ferro, D. P. Ferro, R. L. Adam, R. L. Adam, A. A. de Thomaz, A. A. de Thomaz, C. L. Cesar, C. L. Cesar, K. Metze, K. Metze, } "Confocal microscopy for automatic measurement of the density and distance between elastin fibers of histologic preparations of normotensive and hypertensive patients", Proc. SPIE 7568, Imaging, Manipulation, and Analysis of Biomolecules, Cells, and Tissues VIII, 75680K (24 February 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.842394; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.842394
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