Many studies have been done in order to verify the possible nanotoxicity of quantum dots in some cellular
types. Protozoan pathogens as Trypanosoma cruzi, etiologic agent of Chagas1 disease is transmitted to
humans either by blood-sucking triatomine vectors, blood transfusion, organs transplantation or congenital
transmission. The study of the life cycle, biochemical, genetics, morphology and others aspects of the T. cruzi
is very important to better understand the interactions with its hosts and the disease evolution on humans.
Quantum dot, nanocrystals, highly luminescent has been used as tool for experiments in in vitro and in vivo T.
cruzi life cycle development in real time. We are now investigating the quantum dots toxicity on T. cruzi
parasite cells using analytical methods. In vitro experiments were been done in order to test the interference of
this nanoparticle on parasite development, morphology and viability (live-death). Ours previous results
demonstrated that 72 hours after parasite incubation with 200 μM of CdTe altered the development of T. cruzi
and induced cell death by necrosis in a rate of 34%. QDs labeling did not effect: (i) on parasite integrity, at
least until 7 days; (ii) parasite cell dividing and (iii) parasite motility at a concentration of 2 μM CdTe. This
fact confirms the low level of cytotoxicity of these QDs on this parasite cell. In summary our results is
showing T. cruzi QDs labeling could be used for in vivo cellular studies in Chagas disease.