17 February 2010 Development, manufacturing and lasing behavior of Yb-doped ultra large mode area fibers based on Yb-doped fused bulk silica
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Abstract
At the Photonics West 2008 we presented our rare earth doped fused bulk silica for fiber laser applications [1]. This approach overcame the typical geometrical limitations of other well known production methods for rare earth doped silica materials. Our unique production technique is based on the sintering of Yb-doped granulates of high-purity SiO2 particles. We have processed our Yb-doped bulk silica rods into ultra large mode area (XLMA) multi-mode double cladding laser fibers with an active core diameter in the range of 40 μm to 100 μm (depending on the core doping level). In the XLMA fiber the active core is surrounded by a so-called 2D- or 4D-shaped pure silica pump cladding (with diameter between 850 μm and 900 μm) and an F-doped outer silica cladding with an outer diameter of 1000 μm. We have investigated the refractive index and the intrinsic stress profiles of different XLMA laser fibers and their preforms to visualize interface effects. The fiber cross section designs, the quality of all interfaces and the material composition are important factors for the laser fiber performance. The laser properties of these fibers have been investigated in detail. In addition, the preparation of the fiber end-face is important to reduce heat effects and we have developed concepts to mitigate such thermal load at the fiber end face.
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Andreas Langner, Andreas Langner, Mario Such, Mario Such, Gerhard Schötz, Gerhard Schötz, Volker Reichel, Volker Reichel, Stephan Grimm, Stephan Grimm, Florian Just, Florian Just, Martin Leich, Martin Leich, Johannes Kirchhof, Johannes Kirchhof, Björn Wedel, Björn Wedel, Gunnar Köhler, Gunnar Köhler, Olaf Strauch, Olaf Strauch, Oliver Mehl, Oliver Mehl, Volker Krause, Volker Krause, Georg Rehmann, Georg Rehmann, "Development, manufacturing and lasing behavior of Yb-doped ultra large mode area fibers based on Yb-doped fused bulk silica", Proc. SPIE 7580, Fiber Lasers VII: Technology, Systems, and Applications, 75802X (17 February 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.845761; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.845761
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